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FAQs

The OSSC will be gathering common questions and answers regarding the HB 99 requirements and the Armed School Staff Essential Training (ASSET) Program and providing them here.

What is covered in Ohio House Bill 99 (HB 99)?

Legislated under the 134th General Assembly and signed by Governor DeWine, June 13, 2022, House Bill 99 enacted legislation to expressly overrule the Gabbard decision by permitting a school district board or governing body to elect to arm specific staff members and mandating training requirements for those individuals. [O.R.C. 2923.122, 5502.703] The legislation became effective September 12, 2022.

HB 99 also created the Ohio Mobile Training Team (OMTT), within the Ohio School Safety Center (OSSC) who must create and provide required initial and annual re-qualification training for armed school staff. The OMTTs model curriculum is called, Armed School Staff Essential Training (ASSET). The ASSET program is comprised of two core training courses, the initial, 24-hour certification course (ASSET-24) and the annual, 8- hour requalification course (ASSET-8).

At the discretion of the school district board or governing body of a school, an approved alternate curriculum, instruction, and training for the initial 24-hour and annual 8-hour training requirements may be used in lieu of the OMTT's ASSET program. [O.R.C. 5502.703]

How can my school district participate in having armed staff?

To have armed school staff whose primary role is not as a security official, the following must be completed:

  • The board or governing body must authorize one or more persons to be armed within a school safety zone.
  • The school must make public notice that one or more persons have been authorized to be armed.
  • The authorized person(s) must successfully complete a records check.
  • The authorized person(s) must successfully complete a 24-hour initial training provided by the OSSC or an approved alternate training provider.
  • The school must provide the OSSC a current list of the qualified personnel authorized to convey deadly weapons or dangerous ordnance into the district’s school safety zone.
  • Annually, each authorized person must pass a records check and complete an 8-hour annual requalification training provided by the OSSC or an approved alternate training provider.

What kind of training does armed staff need?

Training for armed staff requires at least 24 hours of initial training and 8 hours of annual requalification training. The training requirements can be satisfied through successfully completing the OSSC’s ASSET program or through another organization whose training has been approved by the OSSC. [O.R.C.
2923.122, 5502.703] This training requires specific topics be covered in addition to scenario-based and live- fire exercises. [O.R.C. 5502.703(C)(1)(a-n)] Proficiency in skills must be demonstrated.

When will ASSET training from the State of Ohio be available?

The OSSC’s ASSET 24-hour and ASSET 8-hour courses, for armed school staff, is anticipated to be available in Spring/Summer of 2023. If you would like to utilize the OSSC’s ASSET 24-hour and/or ASSET 8-hour courses, reach out to your zone’s liaison or manager and we can start planning now.

Do we have to use the OSSC as a training provider for the initial and annual requalification training?

No. At the discretion of the school district board or governing body of a school, an approved alternate curricula, instruction, and training for the initial 24-hour and annual 8-hour training requirements may be used in lieu of the OSSC’s ASSET program. [O.R.C. 5502.703]. The alternate training provider curriculum, instructions, and training must be approved through the OSSC to verify all statutory criteria are being met.

How can my school utilize an alternate training provider for the required initial or annual armed staff training?

There is a process for a school to receive approval to use an alternate training provider for the required initial or annual training. This approval can be sought by completing an ASSET Alternate Curricula – School Application. Once submitted, the OSSC will work with your training provider to get the curriculum, training, and instruction information needed to render a decision. Approval decisions will be made within 30 days of receipt of curriculum.

How can an alternate training provider be approved for the initial or annual armed staff training?

When a school submits a request to use alternate training, the OSSC will send the alternate training provider contact an ASSET Alternate Curricula – Provider Application to complete and return. If the training provider curriculum, instruction, and training has already been reviewed and approved by the OSSC, the vendor will not need to re-submit an application and supporting documentation.

Is there a specific qualification and/or requalification course of fire that must be used to demonstrate shooting proficiency?

Alternate training providers will need to use one of the three established courses of fire for their training.

  1. Ohio School Safety Center, ASSET
  2. Ohio Peace Officer Training Commission, Peace Officer/Private Security
  3. National Rifle Association, defensive pistol II qualification, sharpshooter rating

Ohio Revised Code 5502.703 requires alternate training curriculum, instruction, and training be submitted for OSSC approval. What is considered curriculum, instruction, and training?

Curriculum – High level course overview. (required)

Course Goal – A broad general statement of what you expect the student to learn

Course Topics – Topics to be covered (must include the topics in division (C) (1))

List of Time Spent on Each Topic

Student Performance Objectives – Clear and specific statements of what students will be able to do by the end of the class for each topic. Must be measurable through observance, written test, or physical skills test.

Instruction – What and how course content will be delivered. (required)

Instructor Manual and/or Lesson Plan – Materials for instructors that describe to them in detail how to teach the topics covered in class. This should include:

  • Written teaching points on each topic
  • Pictures/Diagram
  • Instructions and anticipated answers for student centered learning activities
  • Reference list and/or cited sources for teaching points, learning activities, and training materials
  • Detailed scenario training plans which include: scenario objective, description, set-up, participant numbers, roles, instructions/scripts, safety plan, equipment, pre-scenario briefing, ending conditions, de- briefing

Training – Materials to support instruction and assessment. (required as noted)

Written Test with Answer Key – An instrument to measure proficiency of cognitive student performance objectives and should include acceptable passage rates. Written tests can include:

  • Fill in the blanks/Essay
  • Multiple choice
  • Matching
  • True or False

Firearms Qualification – A course of fire to measure proficiency of psychomotor student performance objectives.
Accepted courses of fire include:

  • Ohio School Safety Center, ASSET
  • Ohio Peace Officer Training Commission, Peace Officer/Private Security
  • National Rifle Association, defensive pistol II qualification, sharpshooter rating

Course Schedule/Agenda – Identifies when and how long topics will be covered.

(optional) Student Manual/Handouts – Handouts covering curriculum in detail. A manual can include:

  • Written descriptions
  • Picture/Diagrams

(optional) Course Evaluation

My school had an armed school staff program prior to the Gabbard decision (2021). Can the staff’s prior training be acceptable to restart our program or will staff need to take the training required by HB 99?

In many cases, yes, prior training may be acceptable for your staff to meet the required training criteria established by HB 99. The school will request approval by completing an ASSET Alternate Curricula – School Application. Once submitted, the OSSC will work with your training provider to get the curriculum, training, and instruction information needed to render a decision. Approval decisions will be made within 30 days of receipt of the curriculum.

What are the criteria for approving training completed before the OSSC released the parameters related to HB 99 legislation?

For prior initial training to be considered, the training must have occurred prior to the June 13, 2022, signing of HB 99. For annual requalification training to be considered, the training must have occurred on or after June 13, 2022 but before the OSSC release date (i.e., December 9, 2022).

Are there annual requirements for armed school staff program?

Yes, authorized armed staff must complete an annual criminal records check conducted in the

same manner as O.R.C. 3319.39 or 3319.391 and an annual 8-hour requalification. Schools are also required to provide the OSSC a current list of the qualified personnel.

If my school already has a school resource officer, will that SRO need to be trained in ASSET?

No, an Ohio Peace Officer Training Commission (OPOTC)-certified SRO will not have to go through additional training.

Who else besides an OPOTC-certified SRO working in my school is exempt from the armed school staff training? [O.R.C. 2923.122 (D)(1)]

A security officer employed by a board of education or governing body of a school during the time that the security officer is on duty pursuant to that contract of employment. Please be mindful that security officers do have registration and training requirements with Private Investigator Security Guard Services and if your school uses one of these individuals, you should ensure they are registered and have the appropriate training/licensure to carry a firearm in your facility. A person who has received a certificate of having satisfactorily completed an approved basic peace officer training program or is a law enforcement officer.

Can anyone take the armed school staff training?

No, the OSSC’s ASSET courses are for non-law enforcement personnel who have been authorized by their school/school board as the person responsible for carrying a firearm onto school grounds per Ohio HB 99 and has passed a background check. Without authorization from the school/school board and having passed a background check, a person will not be allowed to convey a firearm into a school or school safety zone or be eligible to participate in ASSET.

Are there OSSC staff assigned to my school district?

Yes, the OSSC currently have regional liaisons and school safety planners assigned to zones across the State. There are also managers assigned to each zone. Your zone and the staff’s contact information can be found on the OSSC website. Questions about an armed school staff program for your school can be directed to your zone manager or school safety liaison.

In the coming months, the OSSC will expand regional staff to include a total of 16 school safety liaisons and 16 mobile training officers who will provide various trainings and supports to your school.

Who can I contact if I’ve not found the information I’m looking for?

You can contact the OSSC at 614-644-2641 or by e-mail OhioSchoolSafetyCenter@dps.ohio.gov. Please note that this phone number and email are only monitored during normal business hours. If you have an immediate school safety tip to report, please call or text 844-SaferOH (844-723-3764).

Our staff assigned to your school can be identified and contacted by finding your particular zone on our Ohio map.

What other assistance can the Ohio School Safety Center provide?

  • Completing your Emergency Operations Plan – contact your school safety planner.
  • Provide schools and local law enforcement with a 24/7 Tip Line for school threats – call or text 844- SaferOH (844-723-3764).
  • Help navigating threat assessment requirements of Ohio House Bill 123 – contact the OSSC at 614-644- 2641 or by e-mail OhioSchoolSafetyCenter@dps.ohio.gov.
  • Our Mobile Training Team can assist schools and local law enforcement agencies in obtaining additional advanced training for their SRO – contact your school safety liaison.
  • We can aid both schools and local law enforcement agencies in planning and enacting their annual active threat trainings – contact your school safety liaison.
  • We can provide technical assistance with school safety grants or identifying funding options. Contact schoolsafetygrants@dps.ohio.gov.
  • Our school safety liaisons are well-versed in many other questions that may arise and should be contacted for any questions you may have. We can help walk through many issues as they occur.